TYNE BUILT SHIPS
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Name: TURBINIA
Type: Experimental Yacht
Launched: 02/08/1894
Completed: 1894
Builder: Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Co
Yard: Wallsend
Yard Number: 1
Dimensions: 44.5disp, 104.75 x 9.0 x 3.0(draft)ft
Engines: Steam turbine, DR Geared; (1896: 3 x steam turbines)
Engines by: Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Co
Propulsion: 1 x Screw; (1896: 3 x Shafts & 9 x Screws), 34.5knots
Construction: Steel
Reg Number: n/a
History:
1894 Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Co
Museum ship
Comments: An experimental vessel built by Charles Parsons to demonstrate
the benefits of his revolutionary design of steam turbines.
The hull of TURBINIA was built by Brown & Hood at Wallsend.
The original 1 x Screw design gave disappointing results & after extensive
research Parsons realised the problem was propeller cavitation.
This was a new phenomenon that Parsons had discovered.
A revised power plant driving 3 x shafts, each with 3 x propellers
provided the necessary solution and over 34 knots.
The TURBINIA turned up unannounced at the 1897 Navy Review,
held at Spithead, to celebrate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.
1907: Almost cut in two by CROSSBY, launched from Hebburn.
1926: Offered to the London Science Museum as an exhibit.
Aft section, turbines and screws put on public display
1944: Fore section donated to Newcastle Council for display
1959: Aft section removed from display and donated to Newcastle
The turbines were retained by the London Science Museum.
1961: Whole ship on display with a reconstructed centre section.
1983: A complete reconstruction undertaken.
1994: Hull put on display at Newcastle's Science & Engineering Museum.
The museum was later renamed the Newcastle Discovery Museum.


Above photo shows TURBINA in dock after the collision of 1907

Above photos copyright of Tyne & Wear Museums