TYNE BUILT SHIPS
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Name: M 4 launched as STONEWALL JACKSON
Type: Monitor
Keel: 17/12/1914
Launched: 15/04/1915
Completed: 08/06/1915
Builder: Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd
Yard: Wallsend
Yard Number: 991
Dimensions: 6150disp, 320.0 x 90.0 x 9.9(draft)ft
Engines: 2 x VT3cyl (13.5, 22 & 36 x 27ins), 1800ihp
Engines by: Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd, Low Walker
Propulsion: 2 x Screws, 6.0knots
Construction: Steel
Armament: 1 x 2 x 14.0ins, 2 x 1 x 12pdr, 1 x 3pdr, 1 x 2pdr guns;
(1916: 1 x 2 x 14.0ins, 1 x 6ins HA, 2 x 1 x 12pdr, 1 x 3ins, 1 x 3pdr, 2 x 2pdr guns)
History:
08/06/1915 British Royal Navy
19/06/1915 Renamed EARL ROBERTS
22/06/1915 Renamed ROBERTS
19/09/1936 Broken up
Comments: A member of the 4 ship ABERCROMBIE class
15/04/1915: Launched as STONEWALL JACKSON
31/05/1915: Renamed M 4
19/09/1936: Broken up by TW Ward Ltd at Preston
In November 1914 America offered the UK four existing 14in twin gun turrets, originally destined for the Greek ship SALAMIS. These turrets were constructed by Bethlehem Steel but could not be delivered to the German builders of the SALAMIS, due to the British Naval blockade. The Royal Navy immediately designed a class of monitors, designed for shore bombardment, to use the turrets.
The M 4 was originally named Stonewall Jackson in honour of the US General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson. However as the United States was still neutral, the ship was hurriedly renamed HMS M4. Then EARL ROBERTS and finally ROBERTS.
Armstrong Whitworth's Elswick Works was used to install the turret
She decommissioned in May 1919, and was sold for breaking up in May 1921, however she was then retained by the Admiralty for trials. In the 1930s, she was used for testing underwater protection for new construction warships.


Photo of the launch of STONEWALL JACKSON courtesy of Kevin Blair

Photo of STONEWALL JACKSON nearing completion courtesy of Terry Summerson

Guns trained on target

Above as ROBERTS in July 1928. Photo copyright of Wright & Logan